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History

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Origin

ORIGIN photo

The name of Ganghwa-gun has undergone changes over times:

It was called firstly Gapbigocha during ancient time, secondly Hyeolgu-gun in Goguryeo's Great King Gwanggaeto period, thirdly Haegu-gun in the reign of King Gyeongdeok in Silla kingdom, fourthly Ganghwa hyeon in the King Taejo of Goryeo dynasty, and fifthly it was changed to Ganghwa-gun in the King Gojong's reign of Joseon dynasty, and in March 1, 1995, it was incorporated into Incheon Metropolitan City.

As a sacred ground of the foundation of the country, it is the home of ideology of "Hongik Ingan" (Devotion for public welfare) of Dangun, the founding father of the first Korean kingdom.

Ganghwa has preserved many cultural relics as scattered around the island and developed the island for the multipurpose of historical education and beautification of environmental surroundings for sight-seeing visitors.

Brief History

Brief History photo

Brief History
YEAR CONTENTS
Ancient time Gapbigocha
AD 475 Renamed to Hyeolgu-gun, king Jangsu in Goguryeo dynasty
AD 757 Renamed to Haegu-gun, king Gyeongdeok in Silla dynasty
AD 844 Established Hyeongujin, king Munseon in Silla
AD 940 Renamed to Ganghwa-hyeon, king Taejo in Goryeo
AD 1232 Promoted to Ganghwa-gun, king Gojong in Goryeo
AD 1363 Promoted to Ganghwabu, king Gongmin in Goryeo
AD 1394 Established Ganghwa dohobu, king Taejo in Joseon
AD 1627 Promoted to Ganghwa yusubu, king Injo in Joseon
AD 1895 Renamed to Ganghwa-gun, king Gojong in Joseon
AD 1896 promoted to Ganghwabu, king Gojong in Joseon
AD 1906 Renmaed to Ganghwa-gun
AD 1914 Incorporated Gyodong-gun to Ganghwa-gun
AD 1962 Opened Boleumdo office
AD 1973 Promoted Ganghwa-myeon to Ganghwa-eup
AD 1995 Incorporated Ganghwa-gun into Incheon Metropolitan City