Goryeo Palace Site
This place is site of the royal palace where the Goryeo people had resisted vigorously against Mongolian invasion for 39 years.
On account of strong recommendation of generals, King Gojong moved his capital to Ganghwado with the advantage of natural and strategical point of view. Upon withdrawal of Mongolian forces, the capital was moved back to Gaeseong after the peace treaty with the Mongol concluded. Ganghwado castle was once conquered by the force of Ch'ing dynasty of China during Byeongja-Horan war in 1637.
In Joseon dynasty, king's court constructed the consolidated palace including many subsidiaries such as Waegyujanggak national library, Haenggung king's family's residence and etc. on the very site of previously existed Goryeo palace. These building were burnt down by the French navy during Byeongin yangyo conflict in 1866. Nowadays, there remains only Dongheon Main office and Ibangcheong Administration office. This place and building were restored to its origin and became Korean people's historical remembrance where people are reminded of the historical lessons in terms of resistance and patriotism against foreign aggression.